WHAT IS HOT CHEMOTHERAPY? IN WHICH SITUATIONS IS IT APPLIED?
WHAT IS IT?
It is a form of chemotherapy that is applied surgically into the abdomen.
TO WHOM IS IT APPLIED?
It is applied in locally advanced cancers with intra-abdominal spread and peritoneal cancer of some organs in the abdomen that do not have distant organ spread.
WHAT IS THE OBJECTIVE?
- As a precaution to prevent recurrence of cancer in the abdomen after surgery,
-For treatment in cancers with limited spread in the abdomen or originating from the peritoneum
It is applied to prevent or treat fluid formation in the abdomen due to cancer.
HOW TO DO?
Before the application, the diseased area in the organ or tissue where the cancer originated is removed, then the spreads in the abdomen are cleaned (Cytoreductive Surgery).
After these surgeries, the abdominal cavity is treated with a liquid containing anti-cancer drug at a temperature of 41-42 degrees with the help of a special device. This application continues between 0.5 and 2 hours.
Thus, cancer patients can be given too high a dose to be administered systemically.
The properties of hot application that kill cancer cells and increase the effect of chemotherapy are utilized.
It is widely used in appendix mucinous cancers, ovarian cancers, colon cancers and peritoneal membrane cancer (mesothelioma). Promising results have been reported in suitable gastric cancer patients, although they have not yet undergone standard treatment.
TREATMENT OF BREAST CANCER IN PREGNANCY
Today, the incidence of breast cancer in pregnancy is increasing due to the increase in the average gestational age. The treatment principles in these patients are the same as those of non-pregnant women and are multidisciplinary. The treatment plan is made by considering the health of the baby and the mother together. Since the first three months of pregnancy are the formation period of the baby's organs, no treatment is applied during this period unless it is necessary. The optimal treatment interval is between the fourth and eighth months of pregnancy. Surgical application does not have to be in the form of removal of the entire breast, breast-conserving surgery can be safely applied in pregnant women. Chemotherapy can be applied with appropriate drug selection in patients deemed necessary. The stage of the disease determines the survival of the patient. Pregnancy alone has no negative effects. Termination of pregnancy has no effect on survival. Breast changes that are noticed or suspected in advanced age pregnancies should not be neglected.
LIFE AFTER LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY
WHAT IS CANCER?
SHOULD SILENT GALLBLADER STONES BE TREATED?
WHAT IS LAPAROSCOPY SURGERY?
Thus, the postoperative period is more comfortable. The patient recovers in a shorter time and can return to work.
WHEN SHOULD BREAST CANCER FOLLOW-UP START AND WITH WHICH FREQUENCY IT SHOULD CONTINUE?
In average risk women; From the age of 25, it is recommended to perform breast self-examination once a month after the menstrual period. After the age of 40: once a year, a doctor's examination and mammography, and if necessary, additional evaluation is made with ultrasonography and MRI. In those in the high-risk group, controls are started earlier and done more frequently. Control and follow-up intervals are set by the doctor according to the results of the examination and examination.
WHAT ARE THE SURGERY OPTIONS IN EARLY STAGE BREAST CANCER?
part can be removed. In addition, each patient is evaluated for axillary extension. Sentinel lymph node biopsy and, if necessary, axillary dissection is performed.
Before the surgery, the patient and the physician discuss the alternatives and decide on the appropriate option.
Early-stage breast cancer is a generally treatable disease. Please do not neglect your controls!
WHAT DOES THE STAGE OF CANCER MEAN/WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE?
THE EARLIER THE DISEASE IS DETECTED, THE MUCH SUCCESSFUL TREATMENT IS. PLEASE DON'T IGNORE HEALTH CHECKS AFTER 40 YEARS OLD
WHAT IS DESIRED TO BE DONE THROUGH SURGERY IN ORGAN AND TISSUE CANCERS?
THYROID NODULE, IS IT IMPORTANT?
Nodules that cause cosmetic discomfort or are hyperfunctional (out of control and constantly secreting hormones) require surgery. It is sufficient to follow up other patients once a year for a while, then at rare intervals.
SHOULD SILENT GALLBLADER STONES BE TREATED?
SURGICAL TREATMENT OF CANCER OF THE LARGE INTESTINES (COLON)